En el Grado 5 we are going to begin a unit on la CASA ~ the House. Our focus will be learning vocabulary, describing a dream home and room, and using directions to navigate around the house and outside into the neighborhood or city. Enjoy the following videos created by Señor Jordan, a high-school Spanish teacher in Mossouri. You can access his entire collection of vocabulary videos in our Videos Para Practicar column under Señor Jordan.
Vocabulario útil (Useful Vocabulary):
la casa = the house
el dormitorio = the bedroom
el comedor = the diningroom
la cocina = the kitchen
el baño = the bathroom
la sala = the livingroom
el lavadero = the washer
el sótano = the basement
el garaje = the garage
el jardín = the garden/patio/deck area
la ventana = the window
la puerta = the door
el piso = the floor
el piso bajo = the ground floor
el primer piso = the first floor
el segundo piso = the second floor
Vocabulario útil (Useful Vocabulary):
vivir = to live
yo vivo = I live
tú vives = you live (informal)
él vive = he lives
ella vive = she lives
Ud. vive = you live (formal)
nosotros/nosotras vivimos = we live
vosotros/vosotras vivís = y’all live (familiar you plural)
ellos/ellas/Uds. viven = they live
En las Clases de Español (especialmente en los Grados 4 y 5) we are interviewing each other by asking and answering basic questions. We have reviewed/learned that we must raise the tone of our voices when asking questions and that when writing out questions we must use an upside down question mark (¿) in front of the question. You may wonder why this is so! ~ Not all questions in Spanish include a question word (interrogative word) nor is the word ‘do’ used when asking a question as is commonly used in English – this is why we must raise our voices when asking questions in Spanish.
For example: ¿Te gusta jugar al fútbol?
Direct translation is: You like to play soccer/football?
English equivalent is: Do you like to play soccer/football?
We also have been practicing answering questions, both verbally and written, using complete sentences – most answers in Spanish include words from the question in the answer.
For example: ¿Cuál es tu bebida favorita? (Which is your favorite drink?)
Mi bebida favorita es el agua mineral.
Most all of our questions have to do with personal preferences and information about ourselves that we would share when meeting someone for the first time. Other questions are for practicing basic vocabulary.
Our first 20 basic questions we have been practicing are: ¿Cómo se llama Ud.? ¿Dónde vives? ¿Cuántos años tienes? ¿Cómo estás? ¿Qué tal? ¿De dónde eres? ¿Qué te pasa calabaza? ¿Cómo se llama la maestra de español? ¿Qué fecha es hoy? ¿Qué es esto? (point to something you want to know the name of) ¿Cómo se llama el presidente de Tanzania? ¿Cómo se llama el presidente de EEUU? ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? ¿Cuál es tu color favorito? ¿Cuál es tu animal favorito? ¿Cuál es tu bebida favorita? ¿Cuál es tu clase favorita? ¿Qué te gusta hacer? ¿Qué te gusta comer? ¿Qué no te gusta hacer?
In order to improve pronunciation and listening comprehension of these questions, Sra. Tamara solicited the help of Sra. Maria Ferres to record interviews with 5 different native Spanish speakers living here in Dar es Salaam. Listen to the following interviews and see if you can understand their answers to the questions … you may use the google.document to fill in the answers as you listen; just click on each name below to listen to their interview.
Mr. Kristof is a regular journalist for the New York Times
I found this article, Primero Hay Que Aprender Español. Ranhou Zai Xue Zhongwen. (translated ) First Learn Spanish. Then Learn Chinese., written by Nicholas Kristof – insightful especially on selecting a second (or in our case here at IST, third or fourth) language for your child to learn. Where do you stand? or Where will you and your family be using that/those additional language(s) Hope the article inspires good thoughts. Saludos ~ Sra. Tamara
We are now reviewing subject pronouns and how they are used with verbs. The subject of the sentence is the ‘doer’ of the action. For example: He eats fast. ‘He’ is the subject, he does the eating (the action). A subject pronoun is a ‘pro’, or word, used and put in place of/or in support of a ‘noun’. Such as ‘He’, instead of using the person’s name, or in place of the dog, or whoever, or whatever the subject is, the subject pronoun ‘he’ is used.
The subject pronouns in Spanish are: yo = I tú = you (informal) él = he ella=she nosotros = we nosotras = we (if all chicas) vosotros = y’all (informal Spain) vosotras = y’all (informal all chicas Spain) ellos = they ellas = they (if all chicas)
Watch this video created by tontitofrito, who will further explain the use of pronouns:
After watching the video, here is the millionaire game on the Quia site. You can practice putting in the subject pronouns for the nouns at the following Quia site and play the Subject Pronoun Millionaire game – see how well you can substitute the appropriate pronouns. Desfrutan/Enjoy!!